Diabetes

As you know the kind of lifestyle we are nowadays, chances of Diabetes is very common, in some cases it’s a genetic cause and in some cases, we are not sure, how is occurring. Diabetes is also known as Diabetes Mellitus, it’s a metabolic disease. High blood glucose or increased sugar level in blood is called Diabetes. Causes of Diabetes is a condition that occurs when our body is not able to use glucose normally. When we eat food, it converted glucose and gets into our bloodstream. The pancreas makes Insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into the cells and move out of the blood. In this case of diabetes, the glucose does not get into the cells, as a result, blood sugar level is increased, and people feel sick.

Symptoms:

  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Weight loss

In some cases, symptoms are not noticeable or not occurred.

Types

Diabetes  types:

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

It is known as Insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. In this type of diabetes, Pancreas is not able to make insulin or produce little insulin as a result of the immune system get destroyed. This is known as an autoimmune reaction or autoimmune cause.

The body gets glucose from food, but the glucose is not getting into the cells, as a result, glucose remains in the blood and increases the blood sugar level. It requires a medical diagnosis with lab tests and imaging. This type of diabetes is appearing in adolescence and lasts for years or be lifelong. This type of diabetes is not curable, sometimes it needs emergency care also. 

Treatment:

  • Regular insulin shots or insulin pump required

Type 2 diabetes

It is known as Adult-onset diabetes. In this type of diabetes, Pancreas can make insulin but the insulin is not working in the body like it should be, as a result, blood sugar levels increased. It requires a medical diagnosis with lab tests and imaging. Diabetes is treatable. It can last for years or be lifelong.

Treatment:

  • Insulin shots required
  • A healthy diet with carbohydrate count required
  • Regular blood sugar level checking regular exercise

Written By: Channda (School Nurse)

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