Role of ICT in National Education Policy
Education will play a critical role in transforming the whole nation into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy, technology itself will play a crucial role within the improvement of educational processes and outcomes; thus, the connection between technology and education in the least levels is bidirectional. it’s certain that technology will impact education in multiple ways, just some of which may be foreseen at this time. New technologies involving AI , machine learning, block chains, smart boards, handheld computing devices, adaptive computer testing for student development, and other sorts of educational software and hardware won’t just change what students learn within the classroom but how they learn, and thus these areas and beyond would require extensive research both on the technological also as educational fronts.
According to NEP 2020, an autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), are going to be created to supply a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the utilization of technology to reinforce learning, assessment, planning, administration, and so on, both for college and better education. The aim of the NETF are going to be to facilitate deciding on the induction, deployment, and use of technology, by providing to the leadership of education institutions, State and Central governments, and other stakeholders, the newest knowledge and research also because the opportunity to consult and share best practices. The NETF will have the subsequent functions:
- provide independent evidence-based advice to Central and government agencies on technology-based interventions;
- build proper infrastructure in educational technology;
- envision strategic thrust areas during this domain; and
- articulate new directions for research and innovation.
The thrust of technological interventions are going to be for the needs of improving teaching learning and evaluation processes, supporting teacher preparation and professional development, enhancing educational access, and streamlining educational planning, management, and administration including processes associated with admissions, attendance, assessments, etc. an upscale sort of educational software, for all the above purposes, are going to be developed and made available for college kids and teachers in the least levels. Teaching-learning e-content will still be developed by all States altogether regional languages, also as by the NCERT, CIET, CBSE, NIOS, and other bodies/institutions, and can be uploaded onto the DIKSHA platform. Particular attention will got to be paid to emerging disruptive technologies which will necessarily transform the education system. one among the permanent tasks of the NETF are going to be to categorize emergent technologies supported their potential and estimated timeframe for disruption, and to periodically present this analysis to MHRD. supported these inputs, MHRD will formally identify those technologies whose emergence demands responses from the education system.
Given the emergence of digital technologies and therefore the emerging importance of leveraging technology for teaching-learning in the least levels from school to education , this Policy recommends the subsequent key initiatives:
(a) Pilot studies for online education: Appropriate agencies, like the NETF, CIET, NIOS, IGNOU, IITs, NITs, etc. will be identified to conduct a series of pilot studies, to evaluate the benefits of integrating education with online education.
(b) Digital infrastructure: This will ensure that the technology-based solutions do not become outdated with the rapid advances in technology.
(c) Online teaching platform and tools: Appropriate existing e-learning platforms like SWAYAM, DIKSHA, are going to be extended to supply teachers with a structured, user-friendly, rich set of assistive tools for monitoring progress of learners.
(d) Content creation, digital repository, and dissemination: A digital repository of content including creation of coursework, Learning Games & Simulations, Augmented Reality and computer game are going to be developed. A reliable backup mechanism for disseminating e-content to students are going to be provided.
(e) Addressing the digital divide: A special focus on content in all Indian languages will be emphasized and required; digital content will need to reach the teachers and students in their medium of instruction as far as possible.
(f) Virtual Labs: Existing e-learning platforms like DIKSHA, SWAYAM and SWAYAMPRABHA also will be leveraged for creating virtual labs in order that all students have equal access to quality practical and hands-on experiment-based learning experiences.
(g) Training and incentives for teachers: Teachers will undergo rigorous training in learner-centric pedagogy and on the way to become high-quality online content creators themselves using online teaching platforms and tools.
(h) Online assessment and examinations: Appropriate bodies, like the proposed National Assessment Centre or PARAKH, School Boards, NTA, and other identified bodies will design and implement assessment frameworks. They will also design required competencies, portfolio, rubrics, standardized assessments, and assessment analytics.
(i) Blended models of learning: For implementing digital learning in education, the importance of face-to-face in-person learning is fully recognized. Accordingly, different effective models of blended learning are going to be identified for appropriate replication for various subjects
By: Ms. Debapriya Chakraborty